The issue of shipments of sealed radioactive sources
or radioactive waste
between Member States of the European Union or to and from third countries is fully covered by the Protection against Ionising Radiation and Nuclear and Radiological Safety and Security
The Euratom Regulation no. 1493/93 of 8 June 1993
also applies automatically in all the Member States.
Prior to any shipment of sealed radioactive sources or radioactive waste, a written application shall be submitted to the competent authority, by completing the relevant documents, to ensure granting the required license in advance. These documents are attached as Annexes to the aforementioned Euratom Regulation no. 1493/93.
Additionally, as regards shipments of radioactive waste or nuclear spent fuel, the Protection from Ionising Radiation and Nuclear Safety (Supervision and Control of Shipments of Radioactive Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel) Regulations of 2009 (P.I. 86/2009)
, which harmonise national legislation with the Council Directive 2006/117/Euratom of 20 November 2006
on the supervision and control of shipments of radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel, apply. These Regulations apply to transboundary shipments of radioactive waste or spent fuel whenever (a) the country of origin or the country of destination or any country of transit is a Member State of the Community; and (b) the quantities and concentration of the consignment exceed the levels defined in the legislation. Also, these Regulations do not apply to shipments of disused sources to a supplier or manufacturer of radioactive sources or to a recognised installation or to transboundary shipments of waste that contains only naturally occurring radioactive material which does not arise from practices.
For the shipment of radioactive waste or spent fuel, the standard document
(standard document for the supervision and control of shipments of radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel attached as an annex to the Commission Decision 2008/312/Euratom of 5 March 2008
establishing the standard document for the supervision and control of shipments of radioactive waste and spent fuel referred to in Council Directive 2006/117/Euratom) shall be used. This standard document has also been published as a Notification
of the Minister of Labour, Welfare and Social Insurance in the Official Gazette of the Republic dated 30.4.2009.
The Commission Recommendation 2008/956/Euratom of 4 December 2008
on the criteria for the export of radioactive waste and spent fuel to third countries is also relevant.
More relevant information is available in the website
of the European Commission.