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Introduction

The main responsibilities of the Radiation Inspection and Control Service (RICS) of the Department of Labour Inspection (DLI) are Radiation Protection, Nuclear Safety, Radioactive Waste Management and Safeguarding of ionizing radiation sources. The basic task of this Service is the protection of health of the workers and the public, as well as the protection of the environment and property from the risks of exposure to ionising radiation in medicine, industry, construction industry, research and education or the release of radioactive substances.

Ionizing radiation comes from natural sources such as cosmic radiation, various radioactive minerals and elements, radon in water and the environment, as well as from manmade sources, such as the ray machines, computer tomography, scanners and nuclear reactors.

Among other responsibilities the RICS:
  • Grants Licenses and conducts inspections of ionizing radiation sources, practices in which ionizing radiation is used and individuals are exposed to ionizing radiation, in order to protect the workers, the public and the environment
  • Monitors the doses of the workers, the public and the patients exposed to ionizing radiation
  • Drafts legislation and gives advice and guidance and/or provide information to the users of ionizing radiation and the public
  • Approves laboratories and experts offering dosimetry, calibration and radiation protection services to the users of ionizing radiation
  • Monitors the level of radioactivity in the environment (air, soil, water, food staffs, agricultural products and consumer goods)
  • Makes arrangements for emergency preparedness and response to radiological accidents and other radiological incidents
  • Acts as the Contact Point to the European Union, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and other international agencies for all matters concerning ionizing radiation.

News and Information

2010
21/6/2010
Announcement for an open tender for the supply of ionizing radiation monitoring equipemnt.
17/6/2010 The Health and Safety at Work (Artificial Optical Radiation) Regulations of 2010 (Κ.Δ.Π. 247/2010) have been published and put into effect.
2/3/2010 Vacant posts at the International Atomic Energy Agency. 2009
26/11/2009 On 21.10.2009 the Republic of Cyprus submitted to the International Atomic Energy Agency, the documents for accession to the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management. This Convention will enter into force for Cyprus on 19.1.2010.
15/11/2009 The Radiation Inspection and Control Service, Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance, organized a workshop on "Radiation and Nuclear Safety" at the Cleopatra hotel, Macedonia room, in Nicosia, Saturday, 28 November, 2009, 8.30 - 16.00. The participation in the workshop is free.
30/7/2009. The law ratifying the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management was published in the Government Official Gazette (No. 4120, 24.7.2009)
27/7/2009 Invitation for comments on the draft specifications for the procurement of equipment measuring ionizing radiation.
19/5/2009 The Radiation Inspection and Control Service of the Department of Labor Inspection organizes two short courses for practitioners without extensive training on radiation protection (urologists, orthopedics, surgeons, etc.) and experts offering relevant training programs. The seminars will take place on Monday, 25.5.2009, 14.00-16.00 in the lecture room (1st floor) of the Limassol General Hospital and on Wednesday, 27.5.2009, 14.00-16.00 in the lecture hall of the Aretaieio Hospital in Strovolos. The participation in the seminars is free.
6/3/2009 Draft Regulations with title "The Safety and Health at Work (Artificial Optical Radiation) Regulations of 2009”.
5/3/2009 The Protection from Ionizing Radiation (amendment) Law of 2009 and the Protection from Ionizing Radiation (Supervision and Control of Shipments Radioactive Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel) Regulations 2009 were published in the Government Official Gazette (No. 4192 of 20.2.2009, Annex One).
4/2/2009 Draft Law ratifying the International Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management.
2/1/2009 The Department of Labour Inspection (DLI) has signed a bilateral agreement for technical cooperation with the Greek Atomic Energy Commission (GAEC), which covers all aspects of radiation protection and nuclear safety under the responsibility of both authorities. The agreement was signed in Nicosia on 13/12/2008 by the Director of DLI and the President of the GAEC, after approval by the Council of Ministers. 2008
30/12/2008 The Radiation Inspection and Control Service, Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance, organizes a workshop on "Radiation Protection, Nuclear Safety and Nuclear Energy” in the Hotel Hilton Park, Lefkothea hall in Nicosia, on Saturday, 13 December, 2008, 9.30 am - 3.00 pm. For more information and for the presentations of the key speakers click here.
6/12/2008 The Radiation Inspection and Control Service, Department of Labour Inspection, Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance, organizes a workshop on "Radiation Protection, Nuclear Safety and Nuclear Energy" in the Hotel Hilton Park, Lefkothea hall in Nicosia, on Saturday, 13th December 2008, 9.30 am - 3.00 pm. The participation in the workshop is free.
6/9/2008 Open tender of the Department of Labour Inspection for the procurement of ionizing radiation measuring equipment (Expired).
12/8/2008 Invitation for comments on the text of the draft specifications for the procurement of ionizing radiation monitoring equipment (Expired).
6/8/2008 Draft Regulations with title "The Protection from Ionizing Radiation (Supervision and Control of Shipments of Radioactive Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel) Regulations of 2008” (expired).
28/5/2008 The Department of Labour Inspection, in cooperation with the Greek Atomic Energy Commission, is organizing a seminar, on “Radiation Protection in Diagnostic Radiology”. Friday, 6th (14.30-21.00) and Saturday, 7th (9.30-16.00) of June 2008, Curium Palace hotel in Limassol. Participation in the seminar is free.
5/8/2008 The Department of Labour Inspection, in cooperation with the GAEC organizes a seminar on Radiation Protection in Diagnostic Radiology on Friday 16 (14:30 – 21:00) and on September 12 (10:00 – 17:00) at the Cleopatra Hotel in Nicosia. The participation in the seminar is free.
5/5/2008 The Department of Labour Inspection, in cooperation with the Greek Atomic Energy Commission, is organizing a seminar on Saturday the 10th of May 2008, at 11:00 at Hilton Park in Nicosia on Radiation Protection in Dental Radiology. Participation in the seminar is free.
7/3/2008 The Department of Labour Inspection, in cooperation with the Greek Atomic Energy Commission, is organizing a seminar on Friday the 14th and Saturday, March the 15th , 2008, at the Cleopatra Hotel in Nicosia on Radiation Protection in Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine. Participation in the seminar is free.
4/1/2008. The International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (Ratification) Law of 2007 [N.44 (III) / 2007] was published in the Official Gazette Annex 1, Part III, No. 4098, dated 14/12/20072007
10/12/2007 The Department of Labour Inspection, in cooperation with the Greek Atomic Energy Commission, organizes a workshop on Thursday 13/12/2007, 9:00 am, at the Hilton Park in Nicosia, for the presentation of the European Project on Transition Facility "Strengthening of the Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Competent Authority of Cyprus. For more information on the agenda and the presentations of the workshop you can click here.
13/8/2007 Open tender of the Labor Inspection Department for the supply of a radon detector, a portable á/â radiation detection system and a static magnetic fields gauge - Tender No. TEE 8.15.8.6-3/2007 (Expired).
6/8/2007 The Agreement between the European Atomic Energy Community, and the Member States without nuclear weapons and the International Atomic Energy Agency, in application of Annexes 1 and 4 of Article III of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and its Additional Protocol (Ratification) Law of 2007 [N.37 (III) / 2007] was published in the Official Gazette Annex 1, Part III, No. 4093, dated. 27/7/2007
26/4/2007 Open tender with ref. 8.15.2.10.1-2/2007 for the supply of services for the Strengthening of the Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Competent Authority of Cyprus (Expired). 2006
1/12/2006 Statement concerning the incident of contamination with Polonium 210, which occurred in the United Kingdom. For more information on this subject you may visit: HPA, NHSDdirect and the British Airways websites.
2/8/2006 Statement by the Department of Labour Inspection regarding the debate in the media about potential hazards of radioactive fallout from depleted uranium over Cyprus because of the war in Lebanon. More information on the subject ...
2/8/2006 On 26-30 June 2006 in the framework of Technical Cooperation of the Department of Labour Inspection with the International Atomic Energy Agency, Dr. Abel J. Gonzalez visited Cyprus, expert and former director for nearly two decades at the Department of Nuclear Safety and Radioactive Waste Management of the International Atomic Energy Agency, former Director of the Argentine Atomic Energy Commission and the Argentine representative at the United Nations UNSCEAR and Board Member of the ICRP. During his mission in Cyprus Dr. Gonzalez had consultations with the Department of Labour Inspection and presented the latest developments in radiation protection, nuclear safety and security of radioactive sources at two workshops, both open to the public, organized in Nicosia and Limassol.
12/5/2006 Verification of the Environmental Radioactivity Monitoring System of Cyprus by inspectors from the European Commission under Article 35 of the Euratom Treaty.
25/1/2006 Statement concerning comments in the press on the phosphogypsum found at the Chemical Industry Plant at Vassiliko. 2005
15/12/2005 Questionnaire on medical exposure to ionizing radiation.
30/11/2005 Statement of the Department of Labour Inspection regarding the debate in the media for the decommissioning and site restoration of the Greek Chemical Industry Plant at Vassiliko-Mari.
26/10/2005 On Wednesday, October 26th, 2005 after an invitation of the Department of Labor Inspection, Dr Barry Green from the DG Research (nuclear fusion) of the European Commission presented the new Research Program of the European Union on nuclear fusion for 2007-2011 (proposal for extension until 2013), had consultations with government officials and Researchers from the University of Cyprus. The presentation of Dr. Green is available to anyone interested.
21/10/2005 Open tender with ref. 8.15.8.1-2005 for the procurement of equipment (expired).
11/7/2005 The Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Cyprus in Vienna, representing the President of the Republic at Cyprus, signed on Friday, 8 July 2005, along with representatives from 88 other countries, the Amendment to the Convention on Physical Protection of Nuclear Material. The amendment of the Convention was unanimously adopted at the plenary meeting held in Vienna, Austria, 4-8 July 2005, exclusively devoted to the discussion and adoption of the amendments proposed by various parties to the Convention.
10/4/2005 Draft Regulations for the Control of High Activity Sealed Sources and Orphan Sources. 2004
2/11/2004 Tender No. 3 for the procurement of equipment (expired).
2/11/2004 Vacant posts at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
14/10/2004 Tender No.2 for the installation and maintenance of a system monitoring the radioactivity in the atmosphere of Cyprus (expired).Legislation

The
legislation for radiation protection includes the Protection from Ionizing Radiation Laws of 2002 and 2009 and all Regulations issued under these Laws. This legislation is fully harmonized with the relevant European Union Acquis.

Moreover, after Cyprus joined the European Union, the EURATOM Treaty and all relevant Decisions and Regulations of the EU apply directly in Cyprus.

In addition to the above legislation, Cyprus has ratified or signed the following international Conventions, Treaties, Agreements and Protocols:
  • The Conventions on Early Warning and Assistance in the Event of a Radiological Accident
  • The Convention on Nuclear Safety
  • The Convention on Physical Protection of Nuclear Material
  • The Convention on the non Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
  • The Joint Convention for the Safe Management of Spent Nuclear Fuel and the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management.
  • Agreement between the European Community of Atomic Energy, the Member States that do not possess nuclear weapons and the International Atomic Energy Agency, in application of Annexes 1 and 4 of Article III of the Treaty for the non Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and its Additional Protocol (Ratification) Law of 2007 [[N].37 (III) /2007].
  • The Comprehensive Treaty for the Banning of Nuclear Tests.
  • The International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism

Further to the membership to IAEA (N.21/1965), Cyprus is also a member of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), as well as of the Australian Group.Notifications, Authorizations and Approvals

License for use of ionizing radiation and related activities

Under the Protection from Ionizing Radiation Laws of 2002 and 2009 any person carrying out or planning to carry out practices/activities covered by these Laws shall submit a notification to the Minister of Labor and Social Insurance.

In addition, under the above Laws no person can perform any practice/activity involving radioactive substances or ionizing radiation generators, which involves a risk of exposure to artificial or natural ionizing radiation, including the possession, production, handling, use, storage, manufacture, import or export, supply, distribution, transfer, transport, disposal, recycling, re-use of radioactive substances or appliances, objects or goods containing such substances or ionizing radiation generators, unless this person has a license granted by the Minister of Labor and Social Insurance after an application in writing. The Minister shall consult the Technical Licensing Committee before granting any license.

For the submission of a notification or an application for a license, the appropriate forms (application or licence) shall be used.

Approval of Qualified Experts, Radiation Services, Dosimetry Laboratories, etc.

Each licensee shall carry out his activities in compliance with the provisions of the legislation and the general principles for protection against ionizing radiation in the premises and installations which are under his responsibility. These activities (measurement, guidance, information, training, etc.) shall be performed by qualified persons, the Qualified Experts and if the licensee can not have such services internally among his staff he shall ensure such services from external consulting services, laboratories and experts.

Under the legislation in force, no natural or legal person shall provide radiation protection services (dosimetry services, occupational health services, Qualified Expert services, education/training services) unless approved by the Radiation Protection Competent Authority.

An application in writing, using the relevant form (approval), shall be submitted for an approval and before the approval is granted the prescribed criteria (approval) shall be fulfilled.

The Qualified Experts approved up to the present appear on the relevant list (approvals) and anyone interested can contact the approved persons for consulting services.

Shipments of radioactive substances

For the shipment of sealed radioactive sources or radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel between members states of the European Union or to and from third countries, the EURATOM Regulations No. 1493/93 and the Regulations on Supervision and Control of Shipment of Radioactive Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel (Directive 2006/117/EURATOM) are applied. Before any such shipment an application in writing shall be submitted to the Competent Authority, accompanied by all necessary documents, in order to receive in advance the license needed.

For the shipment of radioactive waste or spent nuclear fuel the standard document shall be used. The Recommendation 2008/956/EURATOM concerning the criteria for radioactive waste and nuclear spent fuel export to third countries is also relevant.
Conferences, Seminars, Workshops and other Meetings
  • The Greek Atomic Energy Commission, in cooperation with the European Commission, the International Atomic Energy Agency and the EURADOS, will organize a European symposium on individual monitoring of ionizing radiation, Athens, Greece, 8-12 March 2010.
  • Workshop of the Radiation Inspection and Control Service of the Department of Labour Inspection, Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance on "Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety", Cleopatra hotel, Macedonia Hall in Nicosia, Saturday, 28th November 2009, 8.30 - 16.00. Free participation.
  • Workshop of the RICS of the Department of Labour Inspection, Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance on "Radiation Protection, Nuclear Safety and Nuclear Energy, Hilton Park Hotel, Lefkothea hall in Nicosia, Saturday, 13th December 2008, 9.30 am - 3.00 pm. Free participation.
  • Seminar of the Department of Labour Inspection, in cooperation with the Greek Atomic Energy Commission, on Wednesday 8th and Thursday, 9th October 2008, in the lecture theater of the Institute for Agricultural Research in Athalassa, Nicosia on "First Response in case of radiological accident or other radiological Incident".
  • Seminar of the Department of Labour Inspection, in cooperation with the Greek Atomic Energy Commission, Monday 6th and Tuesday, 7th October 2008, in the lecture theater of the Institute for Agricultural Research in Athalassa, Nicosia on "Combating Illicit Trafficking of Radioactive Materials."
  • Seminar of the Department of Labor Inspection, in cooperation with the Greek Atomic Energy Commission, on Friday 6th (14.30-21.00) and Saturday 7th (9.30-16.00) of June 2008, Curium Palace Hotel in Limassol, on "Radiation Protection in Diagnostic Radiology".
  • Seminar of the Department of Labor Inspection, in cooperation with the Greek Atomic Energy Commission, on Friday 16 (14.30-21.00) and Saturday 17 (10.00-17.00) May 2008, Cleopatra Hotel in Nicosia, on "Radiation Protection in Diagnostic Radiology".
  • Seminar of the Department of Labour Inspection, in cooperation with the Greek Atomic Energy Commission, on Saturday the 10th of May 2008, 11:00 am at Hilton Park Hotel in Nicosia, on "Radiation Protection in Dental Radiology”.
  • Seminar of the Department of Labour Inspection, in cooperation with the Greek Atomic Energy Commission, on Friday the 14th and Saturday 15th March 2008, at the Cleopatra Hotel in Nicosia, on "Radiation Protection in Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine".
  • Workshop of the Department of Labour Inspection, in cooperation with the Greek Atomic Energy Commission, 13/12/2007, 9:00 am, at Hilton Park Hotel in Nicosia, for the presentation of the European Transition Facility Project on the "Strengthening of the Competent Authority of Cyprus for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety".
  • Regional training seminar of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in collaboration with the Radiation Inspection and Control Service on the Control of Public Exposure to Environmental Radioactivity, Nicosia, 9-13 May 2005.
  • Third European Conference on Individual Monitoring of Ionizing Radiation, Vienna, Austria, 11-15 April 2005.
  • Symposium IRPA-12, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 19-24 October 2008.
Instructions, Notes and Guides
  • Guidance on Risk Assessment and the Preparation of a Safety Report
  • European Union guides on the referral of patients for radiological examinations with the Supplement Referral Instructions (2008) and Clinical Problems and Annexes (2008).
  • European Union Guide on the safe use of ionizing radiation in dentistry.
Publications, Studies, Reports and Information leaflets
  • Depleted Uranium
Radiological Accidents – Emergencies

Conventions on Early Notification and Assistance in the Event of a Radiological Accident – ERNET.

The Radiation Inspection and Control Service of the Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance is the Competent Authority in Cyprus under the International Conventions on Early Notification and Assistance in the Event of a Radiological Accident. Within the framework of the implementation of the above Conventions the Radiation Inspection and Control Service of the Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance participates in the Emergency Response Network system (ERNET) of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

European Community Urgent Radiological Information Exchange (ECURIE) system

The Radiation Inspection and Control Service of the Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance has also been set as the Competent Authority in Cyprus for the European Community Urgent Radiological Information Exchange (ECURIE) system. ECURIE was created following the Decision of the European Council 87/600/Euratom where all the countries members of European Union and Switzerland participate.
The Civil Defense Operations Center has been appointed as the 24h Contact Point in Cyprus for the above system.


European Urgent Radiological Data Exchange Platform (EURDEP)

Since 10.1.2008 the Cyprus Telemetric Ambient Air Radioactivity Monitoring Network, operated by the Radiation Inspection and Control Service of the Department of Labor Inspection, is connected to the European Urgent Radiological Data Exchange Platform (EURDEP). 33 countries participate in the platform and 35 telemetric networks across Europe. are sending data.

Under the above arrangement, the Cyprus telemetric network sends to the EURDEP platform hourly data concerning the radioactivity levels in the atmosphere of Cyprus. Moreover, the Radiation Inspection and Control Service has access, in real-time, to the monitoring data sent by other participant countries.


Nuclear Fusion

Non-Ionizing Radiation
  • The Health and Safety at Work (Artificial Optical Radiation) Regulations of 2010 (Κ.Δ.Π. 247/2010).
  • The European Union has published guidance to the employers for the harmonized implementation of the Directive 2006/25/EC on the protection from risks of artificial optical radiation.
  • Draft regulations with title "The Safety and Health at Work (Artificial Optical Radiation) Regulations of 2009.
Links

COMPETENT AUTHORITIES-LABORATORIES-RELEVANT INSTITUTIONS
EUROPEAN UNION INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS SCIENTIFIC-PROFESSIONAL INSTITUTIONS Updated: 21/6/2010


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